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Bugleweed (Lycopus americanus) Cut and Sifted Bulk
Lamiaceae (Mint Family)
The genus name Lycopus derives from the Greek lykos, "wolf," and pous, "foot," in reference to the shape of the rhizomes.
Range of Appearance
Bugleweed is native to Eurasia but is naturalized to North American and can be found growing throughout the northern hemisphere in damp areas with full sun to partial shade. This perennial can achieve a height of 12 to 36 inches. It has lanceolate, parallel leaves. The hermaphroditic flowers are white with a purple spot and are borne in the axils of the leaves.
Antitussive, aromatic, astringent, bitter, cardiotonic, diuretic, hemostatic, hypoglycemic, laxative, narcotic (mild), nervine, peripheral vasoconstrictor, sedative
Bugleweed reduces the activity of iodine, the activity of an overactive thyroid, and blood levels of thyroid hormones. It also lessens mucus discharge and contracts tissue to a more firm, solid state. It quiets the pulse, calms the spirit, and increases the strength of the heartbeat. It is used to treat anxiety, catarrh, cough, enlarged thyroid, Grave's disease, hyperthyroidism, thyroid inflammation, and nervous heart palpitations. Bugleweed is considered a mild remedy. It may work best in the early stages of illness or in combination with allopathic medicines. Topically, bugleweed is sometimes used as a liniment or poultice to treat bruises and snakebite and to stop bleeding.
The young shoots can be consumed fresh in spring salads. The roots are edible raw or cooked, but they are not very tasty and are considered only a survival food.
A black dye can be made from the plant.
Magnesium, tannins, lithospermic acid, lycopine, phenolic derivatives (caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, ellagic acid, rosmarinic acid), essential oil, resin
Avoid bugleweed during pregnancy. To avoid excessive dryness, combine the plant with demulcent herbs.
Plant details were provided by iPlant by Brigitte Mars.
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